THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SHABE BARAAT (15th OF SHABAAN)
Rasulullah Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “When it is the half of Shabaan (15th of Shabaan), stay awake during this night and fast during its day, because at sunset during this night, Allah Ta’ala’s special attention descends to the first sky and announces: ‘Is there anyone seeking forgiveness so that I may forgive him? Is there anyone seeking sustenance, so that I can sustain him? Is there anyone who is troubled, so that I may remove his afflictions? This announcement is made until Subhu Saadiq’.” [Ibn Majah]
On this night the names of those who are to die and those who are to be born in the coming year are given to the angels. Our names may be written amongst those who are to die. Make dua that we may leave this world with Imaan. This is one dua that we should not be afraid to make, lest we die without Imaan and be doomed perpetually.
The Month Of Shabaan
Unlike the month of Rajab, there are peculiar instructions regarding the month of Shabaan in the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam.
Firstly, although it is not obligatory to fast during this month, it is a Sunnah and Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam is reported to have said that, after Ramadhaan, it is most meritorious to fast during the month of Shabaan.
Shabaan is the month during which a record of our deeds is being presented before Allah Ta’ala. Therefore it is the most favourable month in which we could fast. However, it is important to know that we should not cause any weakness to our bodies by fasting so much that we cause a deficiency in our fasts during the month of Ramadhaan. The fasts of Ramadhaan are compulsory, while the fasts of Shabaan are not. This is important to remember. Being fit and able to endure the fasting of the month of Ramadhaan is of the greatest importance. This is why Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has suggested that we do not fast in the second half of the month of Shabaan.
Stories of Repentance: Advice from Khidr عليه السلام
Imaam Ghazaali (r.a) reported that Moosa عليه السلام asked Hazrat Khidr عليه السلام to advise him. He said,
"Be someone who constantly smiles, and not someone who is constantly angry. Be someone who benefits others, and not someone who harms others. Refrain from argumentation. Do not walk around without purpose. Do not laugh without a reason. Do not disparage wrongdoers by mentioning their mistakes to them. And cry over your misdeeds, O son of 'Imraan."
The Hallmarks of a Sincere Repentance
Shaqiq رحمة لله علیھ said,
"Weeping over past misdeeds, being afraid of perpetrating a sin again, forsaking the company of evildoers, and adhering to the company of the righteous- these are the hallmarks of a sincere repentance."