A Reward for Every Mu'min man and Mu'min woman
'Ubadah ibn Samit Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasullullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He who asks forgiveness for Mu'min men and Mu'min women, Allah writes for him a virtue for every Mu'min man and Mu'min woman. (Tabarani Majma-'uz-Zawaid).
Virtues of the Mu'azin
Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrated that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The Muadhdhin will recieve forgivness to the distance to which his voice reaches. All living and non-living things shall bear witness for him on the Day of Resurrection. He, who attends Salat in congregation, for him is written the reward of twenty five Salat, and it becomes an atonement for his sins between two Salat (Abu Dawud)
Note: According to some Scholars the reward of twenty-five Salat is for the Muadhdhin, and he gets forgiveness of his sins from the previous Adhan to this Adhan. (Badhl-ul-Majhud)
Ibn 'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The Muadhdhin will receive forgiveness to the extent the voice of his Adhan reaches; every living and non-living thing that hears his voice, supplicates for his forgiveness. In another narration it is stated: Every living and non-living thing replies to his Adhan. (Musnad Ahmad, Tabarani, Bazzar, Majma'uz-Zawaid)
Abu Sa'sa'ah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Abu Sa'id Radiyallahu 'anhu said: When you are in a desert or countryside, then call the Adhan loudly, as I have heard Rasullullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: No tree or clod of earth, or rock, or Jinn, or man shall hear his voice; except that they will bear witness for him on the Day of Resurrection. (Ibn Khuzaimah)
Definition of nisbat (link with Allah Ta`ala)
Someone had once asked Moulana Raipuri : “What is nisbat?” Hadhrat Raipuri replied: “To be blessed with practising akhlaaq-e-faadhilah (good character) and carrying out good deeds is termed as nisbat.”
This means that one should adopt each quality of Nabi Sallalahu alayhi wasalam, carry out those actions that are pleasing to Allah Ta`ala and Nabi Sallalahu alayhi wasalam and refrain from those actions that will displease Allah Ta`ala and Rasulullah Sallalahu alayhi wasalam.
In short, this is nisbat.
Hadhrat Hanzhalah Radiallahu anhu fearing nifaaq (hypocrisy)
It was the habit of Nabi Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam to enquire about those who were absent from the musjid. Once, Hadhrat Hanzhalah did not come for salaah and Nabi enquired regarding him. Abu Bakr then went to his house for an enquiry. On enquiry from his household, they informed him that he was seated in the corner crying away. Abu Bakr went up to him and asked him the reason for him crying. He replied, “Hanzhalah has turned a munaafiq (hypocrite).”
Abu Bakr asked him the reason for saying this. He said, “When we are seated with Nabi then it is as if we are seeing Jannah and Jahannum, but no sooner do I come back home and get involved
with my family, these feelings no more remain.”
On hearing this, Abu Bakr said, “If this is nifaaq (hypocrisy) then I am a munaafiq as well because this is also my condition.”
Thereafter both of them came to the company of Nabi and explained the entire discussion. Nabi said, “If the condition you experience when seated by me continuously remains, then the angels would greet you in your beds and on the road. (Mishkaat with reference to Muslim, Vol 1, Pg 197)
NOTE: This Hadeeth will be a means of consolation for those saalikeen who do not find the yearning and enthusiasm to carry out ibaadat as they do when in the company of their mashaayikh.